During Fraud Prevention Month in March we will be taking a closer look at some forms of market misconduct. Not all forms of market misconduct are frauds, but many do, or can be used to commit some kind of investment fraud.
NSSC Blog: Before You Invest
Arguably the most infamous fraudster in history, everyone knows the name Charles Ponzi. They may know the name, but that doesn’t mean they know the story behind the man who swindled thousands of people out of $20 million in the 1920s.
Originally born Carlo Pietro Giovanni Guglielmo Tebaldo Ponzi in Italy in 1882, Charles Ponzi, an Italian immigrant, lived in Boston in 1919 when he stumbled upon a money-making investment scheme: international reply coupons.
March is Fraud Prevention Month! All month long we will be sharing special content on investment fraud. This will include our regular Question of the Week posts every Wednesday, as well as a special series on Friday, we’re calling Fraudster Fridays. Every Friday we’ll be sharing the story of a famous investment fraud, how they scammed their victims and how you can hopefully avoid falling prey to the next big scam artist.
In last week’s question of the week blog post we mentioned the term accredited investor. That left some of our readers scratching their heads, because they didn’t know what an accredited investor was.
In the news last week, a Canadian company announced a private placement offering. That led to the question, what is that exactly? A private placement offering is a way for a company (public or private) to raise capital. However, it differs from a regular public offering where securities are made available for sale in the open market to any type of investor, typically through a stock exchange for common shares.
Last week we answered the question, “What is active management” which ultimately led to another question – What is passive management?
Active management is an investment strategy where an investment manager makes specific investments in an effort to outperform an investment benchmark or market index, such as the TSX or S&P 500. If you hear of an investor or an investment manager trying to “beat the market” they are using active management to try and obtain better than market-average returns.
A Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) is an investment vehicle that invests predominantly in income-producing real estate. This income-producing real estate can include offices and apartments, warehouses, shopping centres, hotels and parking garages. REITs may be publicly traded or private trust relying on a prospectus exemption.
The Mutual Fund Dealers Association of Canada (MFDA) is the self-regulatory organization that oversees mutual fund dealers in Canada. All salespeople employed by mutual fund dealers in Canada must be licensed with a provincial securities regulator and also be employed with a firm that is a member of the MFDA.
The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) is the national self-regulatory organization (SRO) that oversees all investment dealers and trading activity in debt and equity markets in Canada.